Dam of ITAIPU, a contribution to development of Brasil and Paraguai #Brazil #ITAIPU #Paraguai
At the EXPO 2015 in Milan the 10th Ocrober 2015, the Brazilian pavilion, gather export form around the world to presents one of the biggest energy plant in the world, the Dam of ITAIPU, a contribution to development of Brasil and Paraguai.
The dam is situated on the river Parana’ on the border of Brasil and Paraguai.
At Itaipu, the relentless search for original solutions started from the very beginning: as there had never been in Brazil or Paraguay another project of such magnitude, from building the dam to replacing parts of its 20 turbines, the power plant has always generated demands for specific solutions to its challenges.
The construction of the plant was the product of intense negotiations between Brazil and Paraguay which started back in the 60s and culminated on April 26, 1973, when the Itaipu Treaty was signed: the legal instrument necessary to harness the Paraná River’s hydropower potential.
In May 1974, the Itaipu binational company was created to build the power plant and manage it later on.
Itaipu’s installed power is 14,000 megawatts (MW), with twenty generators of 700 MW each. The output from only one of those units would be enough to supply the current brazilian average consumption of power of 2.5 million residences.
The historic record for electricity production was set in 2013, with a production of 98,630,035 megawatt-hours (MWh). Just to give you an idea, the power generated by Itaipu in 2013 would be enough to cover the entire worldwide consumption for about two days; or supply a country like
Paraguay for 8 years. Half of Itaipu’s 20 generators work at 50 Hertz (Hz), which is the frequency used in Paraguay, while the other ten generate at 60 Hz, the Brazilian market frequency.
The Itaipu Treaty was signed in 1973 and created a company whose legal framework is the only one of its kind in the world. It is a binational company governed by the very Treaty that set it up and its Annexes (A, B and C), by the additional protocols and other derived acts, and its Statutes, besides Public International Law. Absolutely unique, it is neither a state-controlled company nor a corporation. Its reference currency is the US dollar but transactions in Brazil are carried out in ‘reals’, and in Paraguay, in ‘guaranis’.
Itapui Technological park
Created in 2003 by Itaipu Binacional, the mission of the Itaipu Technological Park (Parque Tecnológico Itaipu – PTI) is to understand and transform the reality of the Iguassu Three-Nation Area: Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay, by coordinating and fostering initiatives dedicated to economic, scientific and technological development.
Itapui Renewable energy platform
The main goal of the Itaipu Renewable Energy Platform is Distributed Generation to show the technical, economic and environmental viability of using other renewable energy sources. A local response to a global challenge, its mission is to advance local energy efficiency and sustainable development through the use of solar, wind, biomass and hydro power in the area surrounding its reservoir, which concentrates one of the country’s largest meat and dairy production centers.
The idea is to create new business opportunities and make the farming and livestock industries in western Paraná selfsufficient energy-wise, concurrently with an environmental recovery process. By developing the platform’s methods, Itaipu operates as the coordinator of different economic and social players – schools and research institutions, associations and cooperatives, companies and the government. One of its work’s targets is to implement the Distributed Generation concept.
The Itaipu reservoir protection strip is essential to ensure the creation of the Paraná River Biodiversity Corridor, which will connect western Paraná’s natural areas and conservation units with those existing in Paraguay and Argentina.